Instrumented Interconnecteds Intelligent

Source: Agência Brasil

Source: Agência Brasil

Brazil has a tremendous amount of positive momentum these days. It’s fast emerging as one of the world’s important economies and has a huge wealth of oil, minerals, water, timber and agricultural land. Yet in this world of looming resource constraints, Brazil’s leaders are acutely conscious of the need to make the most of their abundance–while addressing the negative impacts on the environment.

IBM Research – Brazil, which was established last year as the company’s first research lab in the Southern Hemisphere, has aligned its research agenda with Brazil’s national priorities. It’s focusing on natural resources management, complex human systems such as the  World Cup and Olympics events coming up in Brazil, low-complexity microelectronics of the type used in appliances and cars, and quality improvements in services–another area where Brazil is intent on expanding.

Natural resources management is the subject of the IBM Research – Brazil Colloquium, where IBM researchers and scientists from other organizations will speak about the potential and challenges they face. The colloquium is part of an IBM Centennial program designed to convene thought leaders – including leading researchers and scientists, academics, leaders of industries, public policy makers and key IBM clients — for a series of talks and panel discussions on transformational technologies and their potential impact on the world.

The Brazil colloquium is not only intended to foster knowledge and collaboration. “We want to be provocative,” says Fabio Gandour, the Chief Scientist at the Brazil lab, who is in charge of organizing the event.

Fabio Gandour 2Well, not too provocative. But Gandour does aim to raise potentially controversial questions before Brazilian government, academic and business leaders. A session on genomics and agriculture will urge farmers to seriously consider the consequences of genetically-modified seeds before planting.  Speakers will urge education leaders to aggressively expand university programs in computational chemistry, biology and physics. Another session, on coupled human and natural systems, an emergent field of inquiry called CHANS,  will caution about the potentially negative consequences on humans of massive industrial or agricultural changes.

Gandour gives an example: Widespread conversion of woodlands to farming has chased a Brazilian relative of the cockatoo from the countryside into cities, where the birds perch on television antennas and the like. It’s great for bird watchers, but the problem is that the birds can be carriers of bacteria that is potentially deadly to humans. The lesson: Be conscious of the unintended consequences of your actions and figure out how to deal with them.

While the provocations should make for lively question-and-answer sessions and conversations during breaks, the heart and soul of the colloquium will be about the potential for science to help make the world work better.

melloThat’s where Ulisses Mello comes in. He’s the program director of the Smarter Natural Resources area in the Brazil lab, and will be one of the key speakers at the colloquium. A specialist in computational geosciences, he worked in research for Petrobras, Brazil’s largest oil company, before he joined IBM in 1994. Mello is on a mission: to help overhaul the world’s natural resource-based industries. “We want to use technology to transform what is traditionally not a knowledge-based industry into one that will manage natural resources to have a better social and economic impact–not only for Brazil but globally,” he says.

As a result of two massive oil discoveries in the ocean off the Atlantic coast of Brazil recently, an oil rush is on. Petrobras has pledged to invest $224 billion in exploration, well drilling and oil extraction over the next five years. Yet due to the the extreme depth of the water and the makeup of the rocks in the area of the findings, discovery and extraction will be risky and, potentially, very expensive.

Mello and his research team are working on new imaging and analysis techniques that will help oil companies find new resources more efficiently and manage them more productively and sustainably. He believes that these approaches could make it possible for the oil outfits to remove up to 70% of the oil from the new fields–compared to a global industry average of just 30%. One promising technique, called full-wave inversion, produces clearer images of underground reservoirs. Also, computer models that analyze the gradual transformation of the earth’s geology over millions of hears help oil companies determine whether a find contains oil, gas or water. This kind of analysis, conducted with supercomputers, is vitally important because of the cost of drilling a new well in deep ocean can be frightfully expensive–up to $250 million per  well in some places–and, in some scenarios, only 10% of wells strike oil.

As a  Brazilian, Mello is highly motivated to help the country become more economically productive, improve the quality of life and do it in a way that’s sustainable. On the colloquium: “This is the beginning of a dialogue with the Brazilian scientific community,” he says. “We’ll be part of the ecosystem. We’re here to stay. That’s the message.”

Bookmark and Share

Previous post

Next post

13 Comments
 
June 17, 2014
3:04 am

Hello, its fastidious paragraph about media print, we all understand media is a enormous source of facts.


Posted by: Tree Service Tampa FL
 
June 12, 2014
2:46 am

It is in point of fact a nice and helpful piece of info.
I am happy that you simply shared this helpful info with us.
Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.


Posted by: NJ Lawn And Irrigation
 
August 6, 2013
1:08 pm

I am only writing to make you know of the really good experience my friend’s daughter enjoyed reading through your site. She discovered too many issues, most notably how it is like to possess an incredible coaching mood to make men and women without difficulty fully grasp a number of specialized matters. You truly did more than my desires. Many thanks for showing such useful, dependable, explanatory and as well as cool tips on the topic to Lizeth.


Posted by: automobile door guards
 
August 2, 2013
3:48 pm

Hi, Neat post. There is a problem along with your web site in internet explorer, could check this¡K IE still is the market chief and a huge part of folks will leave out your magnificent writing due to this problem.


Posted by: young at heart
 
August 1, 2013
2:47 pm

Generally I don’t read article on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very pressured me to take a look at and do so! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thank you, very nice post.


Posted by: engine optimization victory
 
July 31, 2013
4:49 pm

Wow! Thank you! I always needed to write on my website something like that. Can I take a portion of your post to my website?


Posted by: such great tips
 
July 29, 2013
11:12 am

I in addition to my guys happened to be reviewing the good information found on your web blog and then before long I got a horrible feeling I had not thanked the web blog owner for them. Most of the people had been as a consequence glad to study all of them and already have truly been taking advantage of those things. Thank you for turning out to be quite helpful and for figuring out variety of nice areas most people are really desperate to learn about. My very own honest regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.


Posted by: blue dog food
 
July 29, 2013
3:18 am

Spot on with this write-up, I truly think this web site wants far more consideration. I�ll probably be once more to learn far more, thanks for that info.


Posted by: Melda Palomino
 
July 27, 2013
8:54 am

You made some first rate points there. I looked on the internet for the problem and found most individuals will associate with along with your website.


Posted by: Celsa Selestewa
 
July 23, 2013
3:08 am

The following time I learn a weblog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as a lot as this one. I imply, I do know it was my option to learn, however I really thought youd have one thing attention-grabbing to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about one thing that you possibly can repair for those who werent too busy in search of attention.


Posted by: Vi Reinard
 
July 21, 2013
4:16 am

Good post. I be taught one thing more difficult on completely different blogs everyday. It is going to at all times be stimulating to learn content material from different writers and apply a bit one thing from their store. I�d favor to make use of some with the content material on my weblog whether or not you don�t mind. Natually I�ll provide you with a hyperlink in your internet blog. Thanks for sharing.


Posted by: Claire Koles
 
July 20, 2013
8:33 pm

I do not even understand how I ended up here, but I assumed
this submit used to be good. I don’t recognize who you might be however definitely you’re going to a famous blogger for those who
are not already. Cheers!


Posted by: residential well water systems
 
July 17, 2013
6:11 pm

The next time I learn a weblog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as a lot as this one. I imply, I do know it was my option to learn, however I actually thought youd have one thing interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about one thing that you might repair in case you werent too busy searching for attention.


Posted by: Clay Kenny
 
2 Trackbacks
 
October 17, 2014
6:29 pm

Sunshine FL Tutoring

IBM Centennial Archives « A Smarter Planet Blog A Smarter Planet Blog


Posted by: Sunshine FL Tutoring
 
May 5, 2014
10:47 pm

www

IBM Centennial Archives « A Smarter Planet Blog A Smarter Planet Blog


Posted by: www
 
Post a Comment